The fall of Odessa

The short-lived Bolshevik Soviet Republic of Odessa in southern Ukraine had been founded in January 1918. It came to an ignominious end following the conquest by the Germans.

13 March 1918
Odessa entered by Germans.

Diary of Florence Vansittart Neale of Bisham Abbey (D/EX73/3/17/8)

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Cossacks fighting Bolshevists in civil war

The Revolution was not universally popular in the territories of the Russian Empire, and the reaction was underway.

21 December 1917

Civil war in Russia. Cossacks in Ukraine fighting Bolshevists.

Canada gone in for conscription.

Australia against it in elections.

Diary of Florence Vansittart Neale of Bisham Abbey (D/EX73/3/17/8)

Agonized at regimental losses

Florence Vansittart Neale sympathised with a friend whose son had faced the deaths of many of his fellow soldiers. The city of Lemberg was in a part of historic Galicia ruled before the war by the Austrians. As Lwow, it was part of Poland between the wars. It is now known as Lviv, and in Ukraine.

19 June 1915
Down by 10 o’clock [train] to see Helen. Letter [to her] from Val [her son] – rather agonized. His regiment much cut up…

Edith & I shopped, did up parcel for prisoners….

Fear Russians still retreating – Germans making great dash on Lemberg.

Diary of Florence Vansittart Neale (D/EX73/3/17/8)