Back to school after absence of 4 ½ years on H.M. Service

The return of demobilised soldiers to their own jobs meant a general reorganisation.

Cookham

February 5th 1919

Mr W Scragg commenced duty today after absence of 4 ½ years on H.M. Service.

Miss Eustace today reverted to her former position in Infant Dept.

Mr David temporarily takes charge of St III

Mr W Scragg takes charge of St VI and VII.

Reading

5/02.1919

Mr Piper has resumed duties this morning after being in temporary charge of Greyfriars School during the absence of Mr Kirby on war service.

Log books of Cookham Alwyn Road School log book (88/SCH/18/1); Coley Street Primary School Reading (89/SCH/48/4)

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Willing to pay a substitute

A Maidenhead teacher was so desperate to spend her husband’s short leave with him, she paid the salary of her substitute.

Maidenhead
25th February 1918

Mrs Wells wanted leave of absence for three days owing to her husband’s leave before returning to France. She was willing to pay a substitute & Mistress obtained services of Mrs Eustace of St Luke’s Rd. Notice of this leave was sent to the office.

Lower Sandhurst
February 25th 1918

Admitted 3 children from London.

Log books of King Street School, Maidenhead (C/EL77/1, p. 413); and Lower Sandhurst School log book (C/EL66/1, p. 424)

A sailor home on leave

A teacher took time off to be with her Navy brother.

January 21st 1918

Miss Eustace was granted half a day’s leave of absence to see her brother, a sailor who was home on leave. Permission to be absent on this morning was granted by Headmaster.

Cookham Alwyn Road School log book (88/SCH/18/1, p. 308)

“Her brother sets out today for France”

Three Berkshire schools saw the war affect them on 20 October 1916.

October 20th 1916

Cookham Alwyn Road School
Miss Eustace asked leave of absence today. Her brother from Australia is home, and sets out today for France.

Ashbury National School
David Low, a boy of Knighton, is leaving as his father is entering the army and the family are returning to Scotland.

Coleshill CE School
Mrs Scofield visited the school on Monday and Thursday; on the latter day to collect the children’s pennies for ‘Red Cross Fund’.

Cookham Alwyn Road School log book (88/SCH/18/1, p. 283); Ashbury National School log book (C/EL5, p. 179); Coleshill CE School log book (D/P40/28/4, p. 6)

The submariner’s sister

A Cookham teacher got a day off to spend with a brother on leave.

October 19th 1915

Miss K Eustace granted half day’s leave today. Her brother (from a Submarine) called and I gave her permission to spend a few hours with him.

Alwyn Road School, Cookham: log book (88/SCH/18/1, p. 260)

Effects of a husband drowned

Two female teachers in east Berkshire who had loved ones in the armed forces had very different days. A Cookham teacher gets time off to see her brothers, home on leave, but a married woman at Sandhurst Methodist School collapsed after hearing her husband’s ship had gone down.

Sandhurst Methodist School, September 1st 1915
Mrs Pengelly, who was appointed to succeed Miss Morgan and commence duties today, is unable to do so, owing to illness, the result of hearing from the admiral, that her husband was drowned when the HMS India was torpedoed in the North Sea, he being on the ship at the time.

Alwyn Road School, September 1st 1915
Miss K Eustace, Infant Teacher, absent two days to see brothers home on short leave from war duty. Headmaster’s permission.

Sandhurst Methodist School log book (C/EL42/2, p. 142); Alwyn Road School, Cookham: log book (88/SCH/18/1, p. 256)

Thousands of police reservists and Special Constables sign up

The Chief Constable and the Clerk of the Peace informed the Standing Joint Committee of the County Council and Quarter Sessions of the effects of the war on the police force and the Clerk’s department.

10 October 1914
CHIEF CONSTABLE’S REPORT

On the outbreak of the war the two boarded-out horses from the 11th Hussars were, at the request of the Military Authorities, returned to Aldershot….

The allowances to the wives of Police Constables recalled to Army service are, I now understand, to be altered from the 1st October, 1914, by an increased allowance from Army funds…

As regards the single Constables, I would ask that some consideration may be made them… I would, therefore recommend that the following three unmarried Constables (Army Reservists) who were recalled to the Army for service on 5th and 6th August, 1914, and who have been regularly contributing for their mothers’ support should be granted the allowance of 7/- per week:-
PC 36, George A. Eales
PC 163, Philip Hubbard
PC 214, Harry Easton
and that the money be paid monthly to the mother in each case.

Since the date of your last meeting in August, I have called up one more Police Reservist to take the place of a Police Constable called upon to resign. The total of First Police Reservists now serving is therefore 44.

Formation of a Police Special Reserve.
I beg to report that on the outbreak of war the duties of the Police were increased out of all proportion to the strength of the Force. It was necessary to recall all those away on annual leave and to suspend the weekly rest day. Forty-four 1st Police Reservists have since then been called up for duty. The demands on the time of the Officers and Constables have been very great, consequent on the necessity for continuous watching of the main bridges over the Thames, the railway lines, the requisition of Police by the Military Authorities for mobilization, purchase of horses, vehicles, and billeting, and the posting and distribution of many Orders. The registration and watching of alien enemies under the Aliens Act, 1914, further added important duties for the Police to carry out.
In order that the Police might get some assistance at such a time I issued a Special Constables appeal, a copy of which is attached.
Consequent on this appeal I received the very greatest help and assistance throughout the County, and especially as regards the guarding and watching of the bridges (railway and main road), the railways, waterworks, lighting works and other vulnerable points; and as a result of this splendid and patriotic response to my appeal, I have now a Berks Police Special Reserve Force of nearly four thousand (4,000) under the following organization:-
Chief Organizing Officer Colonel F. C. Ricardo, CVO
Assistant Chief Organising Officer Colonel W. Thornton
Divisional Officer, Abingdon and Wallingford Police Division
Colonel A. M. Carthew-Yorstoun, CB
Divisional Officer, Faringdon Division Francis M. Butler, esq.
Divisional Officer, Maidenhead Division Heatley Noble, esq.
Divisional Officer, Newbury Division (vacant)
Divisional Officer, Hungerford Sub-division Colonel Willes
Divisional Officer, Reading Division (vacant)
Divisional Officer, Wantage Division E. Stevens, esq.
Divisional Officer, Windsor Division Colonel F. Mackenzie, CB
Divisional Officer, Wokingham Division Admiral Eustace, RN

To all these Officers I am very much indebted for their valuable help and voluntary service in this organization. The efficiency of our organization is entirely due to their energetic work.

This Force has for several weeks been drilling and doing patrol work in conjunction with the Police in many parts of the county. Classes of instruction in first aid to the injured are being formed, and miniature rifle ranges are being used by the kind permission of the owners, and new ones about to be given for such use.

We have been careful to exclude from the Reserve all those who are eligible for and whose circumstances permit of them joining the Army.

I have further received great help from the Berkshire Automobile Club, and owners of motor cars generally throughout the county, in placing motor cars at the disposal of the Police when required.

I would ask your authority to swear in a total number of Special Constables not exceeding 2,000, and to provide the necessary batons, whistles and chains, armlets and other necessary articles of equipment…. Under these conditions of appointment of Special Constables, the service is a voluntary and unpaid one.

A report by the Clerk of the Peace with regard to his staff was presented as follows:-

Gentlemen
I have to report that in consequence of the War, the following members of my staff are absent on service:-
H. U. H. Thorne, Deputy Clerk of the Peace Captain, 4th Battalion Royal Berks Regiment
E. S. Holcroft, Assistant Solicitor Captain, 4th Battalion Royal Berks Regiment
R. G. Attride, Assistant Solictor (Mental Deficiency Act)
Lieutenant, 4th Battalion Royal Berks Regiment
H. P. Tate, Senior Clerk, Taxation Department Private, Honorable Artillery Company
F. J. Ford, Clerk, Taxation Department Gunner, Berks Royal Horse Artillery
J. A. Earley, Clerk Private, 4th Battalion Royal Berks Regiment
J. A. Callow, Clerk Private, 4th Battalion Royal Berks Regiment

Mr Tate is actually abroad on active service and the remainder have all volunteered for foreign service.

In consequence of the great depletion of my staff, I have, after consultation with the Staff Purposes Committee, arranged with Mr C. G. Chambers, of the firm of Blandy & Chambers, Solicitors, Reading, to assist me in the legal work during the absence of the Deputy Clerk and the Assistant Solicitors…
It has also been necessary for me to make temporary arrangements for the clerical work and I have engaged the following:-

Miss M. A. Burgess, Shorthand-Typist, at 12/6 per week from 7th September, 1914
Miss Norah Scrivener, Shorthand-Typist, at 10/- per week from 14th September, 1914
Stanley A. Bidmead, Office Boy, at 5/- per week from 1st September, 1914.

Standing Joint Committee minutes, 10 October 1914 (C/CL/C2/1/5)