Any selfishness of any class must stand in the way of real peace and happiness at home

The vicar of Newbury urged a generous spirit in rebuilding national life, and thought servicemen should have first call on all jobs.

The long hoped for signing of the Peace Treaty has taken place, and the Nation has joined together in humble and hearty thanksgiving to Almighty God for His great and undeserved mercies. It is impossible to imagine from what horrors we have been saved by His goodness, and through the willing sacrifice of so many of our splendid men, and the courage and energy of millions, both men and women. If the terms imposed by the Allies on Germany seem hard they would have been nothing to the terms they would have imposed on us if they had won, and for generations our Country would not have recovered, if ever it did recover. Thanks be to God for His mercy to us.

And now we have to reconstruct our National Life. That is no easy task, and it calls for the spirit of willing co-operation and sacrifice from all classes. Any selfishness of any class must stand in the way of real peace and happiness at home. It is the duty surely of employers to give returned soldiers and sailors the first chance of employment, even if it means displacing someone else, and those who have fought and endured should have no just cause for grievances. The Government will have to put down profiteering with a strong hand, and should also severely punish the professional agitator and “him that stirreth up strife among brethren”. While all of us should do our best to spread the spirit of love and service. God has been gracious to us and now it is for us to prove ourselves worthy of His favour.

Sunday, July 6th, was observed as a day of Thanksgiving for Peace, and the services were well attended. The Municipal and National rejoicings took place on July 19th. There was unfortunately a lot of rain, and the children’s tea had to take place in different buildings instead of all together on the Cricket Field. The Procession in London must have been a magnificent sight.

The War Memorial Committee have had two meetings lately, the first with Mr C O Skilbeck to advise them, and the second with Mr Cogswell for the same purpose. They hope soon to have a design from the latter to put before the congregation and parishioners.

Newbury parish magazine, August 1919 (D/P89/28A/14)

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The national unity which the war brought into being is dissolving again into fragments

The post-war world terrified many.

LENT, 1919.

Lent find us this year in the midst of an after-war reaction. The national unity which the war brought into being is dissolving again into fragments, and the national seriousness which deepened as the war dragged on seems to be giving way to an almost hectic frivolity. We are threatened again with the class war, we are living once again for pleasure or for merely selfish ends. Outside the borders of our own land the situation is far worse. The conditions in Russia, and to a less extent in Germany, put one in mind of a striking phrase in the Apocalypse, ‘The Devil is come down into the Earth, having great wrath, for his time is short.’ Evil unmitigated and unabashed seems actually to occupy the seat of power in Russia, and is seeking to extend its sway over all the world. In such days as these it is imperatively necessary that the Church, the Organ of God the Holy Spirit, should put itself on a war footing and organise itself for defensive and aggressive warfare. The powers of evil are gathering force and the Kingdom of Good may stand ever against the Kingdom of Evil in clearer definition, in intensified goodness and in energetic action.

Reading St. John parish magazine, March 1919 (D/P172/28A/24)

Pray for co-operation and the spirit of unity among all classes

There were still problems to face.

YOUR PRAYERS ARE ASKED –

For the Peace Conference and all its members.

For all our men serving at home and abroad.

For the Chaplains to the Forces.

For a peaceful solution to all Industrial Problems.

For co-operation and the spirit of unity among all classes.

Newbury St Nicolas parish magazine, February 1919 (D/P89/28A/14)

“No one, unless he or she be utterly indifferent to the human suffering around us, could be happy in these days”

A gloomy New Year’s message from Reading’s left wing activists:

Our Point of View

We do not presume to wish our fellow-workers and general readers a Happy New Year. It would be sheer cant and mockery to do so. No one, unless he or she be utterly indifferent to the human suffering around us, could be happy in these days. Those who can find happiness now are such as we hope will not much longer count in a society of decent men and women.

But we can wish our fellow-workers a renewed faith and hope in the Labour cause. We are witnessing a closer unity, a greater desire for a wider knowledge of the true meaning of life, the causes of war, and of misery and insecurity.

The Reading Worker: The Official Journal of Organised Labour in Reading and District, no. 13, January 1918 (D/EX1485/10/1/1)

“A communal store would have destroyed any idea among the workers that the rich could get supplied at the expense of the poor”

Union members in Reading were vigilant in the cause of rationing.

Reading and District Trade Union Branch News and Notes

General Workers’ Union

The way in which members are subscribing towards the children’s entertainment is extremely gratifying, showing that our members realise that they owe something to the youngsters whose fathers are away doing their duty.

The entertainment will be held in our hall towards the end of January…

At the District Council on December 15 … Bro. J R Clynes, MP, attended to answer an adverse and critical resolution which was on the agenda on the Food Control business. After his speech, which gave a good deal of information which his critics were not possessed of previously, the resolution was lost by a large majority.

No doubt he has a very difficult task to perform, but with our knowledge of his ability and steadfast work in the interest of the workers we do not doubt that his position has and will result in benefitting us all as consumers.

As a Union we are doing all we can locally to tackle the food question here. Bros Knight and Russell have had interviews with the District Food Commissioner and the Mayor, and also have attended a Conference with the Food Control Committee and representatives of the traders, and it is hoped that with the cooperation of the people of Reading there will soon be in operation a scheme which will ensure the equal distribution of available tea, butter, margarine, and lard. It is a pity the idea of a communal store was not accepted for this scheme. It would have been an interesting experiment, and would have destroyed any idea among the workers that the rich could get supplied at the expense of the poor. However, we must all co-operate, and not fail to report any case of departure from the regulations to the Food Control Secretary.


The Reading Worker: The Official Journal of Organised Labour in Reading and District, no. 13, January 1918 (D/EX1485/10/1/1)

Shot at dawn for “cowardice” caused by shell shock

John Maxwell Image wrote to his friend W F Smith, who was staying at Hindhead in south west Surrey, not far from the big army camp at Aldershot. Normally very gung-ho in support of the war, Image’s compassion had been aroused by stories of court martials and teenagers shot at dawn. The Revd Thomas Pym (1885-1945), in peacetime the chaplain at Image’s college, was serving as an army chaplain.

29 Barton Rd
6 Dec. ‘17
My very dear old man

The military cars to and fro Aldershot must surely be more or less an interesting sight.

The poor Tommy comes under this [?not clear] penalty quite frequently. Not often from cowardice, poor boy. Most often (I believe) it is from slinking off to some girl in the rear which is called “desertion”, tho’ he would have returned right enough.

Just before I was married there was shown to me a letter from a young Trin. Officer at the Front, describing a visit from one of our Trin. Chaplains, begging this young friend of his to “pray for him”, for he had to pass the night with a boy of 18 who was to be shot at dawn. Pym spoke then of a night with another poor child (of 17!) who had been shot the previous week, for what the CM was pleased to style Cowardice – though he had twice behaved with exceptional bravery, and it was only after seeing his two brothers killed at his side that on this occasion his nerve broke down. In an officer it would have been called “shell-shock”, and the interesting sufferer sent home to a cushy job in England. I know of 2 thus treated. Pym’s words brought the tears to my eyes. I see that he has told the story (slightly altered) in a book that has recently come out by him, Characteristics of the Army in Flanders.

Sir Arthur Yapp at the Guildhall last Friday. The Signora went (non ego) and returned enthusiastic – she and her Cook – over the great man’s dignity and sweetness. That evening he lectured the students (and I believe also them of Girton) in Newnham College – and left by the 9.9 for London.

One remark of his: “The vessels sunk by the U-boats during the week ending Nov. 24 (I forget how many that was) might have carried enough bread to feed Cambridge for nearly 7 years, or enough meat for 8 ½ years, or enough sugar for 64 years.”

He said that Food Tickets have changed Germany to a nation of forgers. He dreaded the like fate for England.

Yours ever
Bild

Letter from John Maxwell Image, Cambridge don, to W F Smith (D/EX801/2)

A new readiness to face a new world

The Bishop of Oxford observed the terrible toll the war was taking at home, but had hopes for a brighter future.

THE BISHOP’S MESSAGE

The following extracts are from the Bishop’s message in the October Diocesan magazine:

Your prayers are specially asked…
For the work among the munition workers…
For peace in Ireland and the Irish Conference.
With regard to the European war, for victory and peace, and for the maintenance of the spirit of the nation.

We are settling down to our winter’s work with the horror of the war still upon us and no speedy prospect of relief. Besides the grave anxiety of the war, we have manifold discouragements which specially affect the country clergy. The population of the villages is, in most cases, even disastrously reduced; the number of children we have to deal with so much smaller; the young and middle-aged men almost all absent at the war. Then prices are very high and means slender. In vicarage after vicarage, all the household and garden work falls upon the Vicar and his family, and perhaps they are not used to it….

But behind all these causes of anxiety and depression, we should be able to discern a purpose of God… The great ideas of human fellowship and mutual service are taking firmer root – fellowship and mutual service among nations and classes and individuals. The minds of men are moving with unusual rapidity. There is quite a new readiness to face a new world. It ought to stir us to a profound thankfulness to believe that we can help in the reconstruction of our country and the world; all the more that what is wanted in nothing else whatever but the bringing out into prominence and effect of the root ideas of Christianity about human life….

And surely nowhere is the necessity for social reconstruction and re-equipment more manifold than in the villages. I do not think it is too much to say that in the replenishing of the villages, and the lifting of the life there on to the new level of spiritual and social equality of consideration, independence and brotherhood, lies the only hope for the country…

Depend upon it we shall be really wanted in the exciting days that are coming…

C. OXON.

Earley St Peter parish magazine, October 1917 (D/P191/28A/24)

The war will be followed by a revolution

A soldier home on leave envisaged potential revolution after the war.

THE ENGLISH REVOLUTION

No very penetrating observation of the signs of the times is necessary to discover that in all probability the war will be followed in England by disturbances which may amount to a revolution. If many people are unaware of the urgency of this peril it is because the greater part of labour is still inarticulate and because, in response to the demand for an appearance of unity at all costs, labour is at present willing to wait till the war should be ended before it makes its demands known.

Many factors will combine to precipitate the crisis. The days before the war were full of a growing industrial unrest on the one hand, and the example of threatened civil war on the other. The Irish rebellion, the growth of Sinn Fein, and, above all, the Russian Revolution, have had influences greater almost than can be imagined. Sources of irritation and distrust are to be found in the conduct of the war itself. Finally, the end of the war will leave society in a state of flux in which all who were discontented with the old state of things will see a condition propitious for change. And they will have learned the use of bayonets ….

It will always be surprising to some people that any radical change should be thought desirable in “free England”; still more so that a revolution should be deemed necessary to bring it about. But they forget that political freedom, even when it exists, does not imply an economic equivalent. They hardly realise that millions of the men and women of “free England” are condemned by our economic system to spend their lives in joyless drudgery for a wage which hardly permits mere physical efficieny. Such conditions are strangulation to the spiritual in man; and the very danger lies in this. It is not ideals that make revolutions; it is empty stomachs and empty souls, and hunger may desperately clutch the wrong things and content itself with the purely material.

What remedy, then, can we offer? The placid politicians who propose mere goodwill can have no idea of the acuteness of the situation.

Russell Brain

Broad Street Congregational Church magazine, September 1917 (D/N11/12/1/14)

The brotherhood of man will be realised after the war

The Dodeka Club members in Reading debated the future of the country once peace were declared. Some were optimistic, others took the whole question less seriously.

The 280th meeting of the club was held at Barkas’s on Jan 5th 1917.

After refreshments an exceedingly suggestive and interesting paper was read by the host entitled:- “After the war. What?” The host after suggesting that very altered conditions must exist after this titanic struggle, proceeded to argue on evolutionary lines. Religion would be deepened and become more spiritual. Science would become more closely allied with trade and manufacture and research would be increasingly applied to both physical and psychical conditions so as to finally bridge the gulf between religion and science.

Social endeavour would be greatly helped by the men, who, having met on the battlefield, would realize the brotherhood of man and so lose the distrust between class and class. The colonies would unite with the mother country and form a great Federal Council of free peoples, the greatest the world has ever seen, for the uplifting and true happiness of the human race.

An active discussion took place after the paper, the tine varying from a note of great levity to one of seriousness. It was suggested, in the words of Kipling, that “Pay, pay, pay” would be the most likely answer to the title of the paper. After discussing such questions as Labour unsettlement, cooperation and division of profits, reform of the tariff and an Empire Parliament, the discussion turned to the problem of how soon men would have wings, which quickly put a termination to the proceedings.

Dodeka Book Club minutes (D/EX2160/1/3)

“Thoughtful men all around us are crying out for a better Europe after the war”

The Bishop of Oxford wrote to churchgoers across the Diocese prior to the launch of the National Mission.

The Bishop’s Letter

Cuddesdon,
Aug. 21, 1916

My Brethren,

This letter is written to help to prepare you for the National Mission of Repentence and Hope which is to be held throughout the country and in this diocese and in your own parish this autumn.

I hope this terrible war is making everyone of us think. I can hardly tell you how deeply I feel that we need to think, lest it be said of us as of Israel of Old, “Israel doth not know; my people doth not consider.” The awful spectacle of the nations of Europe occupied with disastrous effect, month after month and year after year, in destroying one another on the battlefields, has not come about through the will of God or in accordance with the principles of our religion. It has come about because our boasted civilization had ignored God and forgotten Christ.

Thoughtful men all around us are crying out for a better Europe after the war, in which the nations shall not destroy one another but help one another as fellow members of the common human family, and for a better England, in which individuals and classes shall out the common good above their own interests. And they are crying out for a better church. Indeed, when we think of the church which is commissioned to represent Jesus Christ among us, we are ashamed at the weakness of its moral witness and influence; at the abuses and neglects which it tolerates; at the divisions of Christians among themselves; at the neglect of the word God and of Sunday, and of the Holy Communion which our Lord instituted to bind us to Him and to one another.

What has cheered us in this terrible time is the splendour of the sacrifice so willingly made by multitudes both men and women who have given themselves to help their country, and especially by those, our soldiers and sailors and airmen, who have given their lives for us. We pray from our hearts that this tremendous sacrifice may not be in vain. But it will be in vain unless we will be at pains to think what God is calling us to through this awful visitation.

We hear and know that some of our men on the battlefields and in the hospitals are feeling, as they have never felt it before, the need of religion and the call of Christ. But we tremble when we ask ourselves whether their new aspirations will be strengthened and encouraged in their homes or among their comrades when they get back to England.

Many are crying out for this reform or that reform in the church or the nation or the relation of nations to one another. But no particular reforms are enough. We must go back to the root of things and ask what is the will of God, what is the meaning of the religion of Jesus Christ our Master.

He was not a Teacher who spoke difficult words which only the learned could understand. He spoke words of divine authority which all can understand – a Gospel about God and His mind toward us; about our human nature and its possibilities; about sin and redemption and heaven and hell. He offered the awful sacrifice of Calvary to redeem us. He founded His Church, and instituted His holy sacraments to bind us together in one fellowship, for our own redemption and that we may work together with Him for the redemption of the world through sacrifice.

The national Mission is a call to you to think about the real meaning of all this afresh, as if you had never heard it before. We have suffered the deadening effect of routine and custom. We have made the commandment of God of none effect by our tradition. I claim you, all alike, that you should listen afresh to the message of God, and to the meaning of the great salvation.

Most of us clergy have been in solemn retreat together in order to make a fresh start ourselves. I hope you will pray for us that we may be in future better minsters of Jesusu Christ. But we call on you to join us in repentance. We call you solemnly to think again about the Majesty of God, and His purpose for us all. In such common thought and repentance is the only ground of hope, for ourselves, for our church and for our nation.

Believe me to be
Your faithful pastor,
C. Oxon.

Letter from the Bishop of Oxford, published in Wargrave parish magazine October 1916 (D/P145/28A/31) and Earley parish magazine, September 1916 (D/P191/28A/31/8)

“The collapse of our semi-Christianised civilisations under the shock of the war”

Newbury people had the opportunity to listen to two thoughtful and challenging lectures as part of the National Mission. One came from Canon Henry Scott-Holland, best known for his funereal meditation, ‘Death is nothing at all’.

An assembly of over 700 people in the Corn Exchange on Sunday afternoon, June 25th, at 3.30, listened with earnest attention to an address by Canon Scott-Holland on the subject of “The Church and Social Problems”, in connection with the National Mission; and our gratitude is due to the Vicar of St John’s for inviting him to Newbury. The speaker drew a powerful picture of the collapse of our semi-Christianised civilisations under the shock of the war; he spoke of several of the most pressing National Social Problems, and he showed how the Bishops were endeavouring to lead the Church towards understanding and sympathising with the aims of the working-classes; while there was much to urge as to repentance, there were, he said, already real grounds for hope for a new and better England.

We had a visit – unfortunately, but poorly attended – from the Rev. A H Kennedy on June 30th, in connection with the National Mission. He suggested that the names should rather be “The National Call”. He spoke of the great changes likely to result in the Nation in consequence of the war, and asked whether the Church would be ready to play her part in the new life. There were two possibilities before her: 1, to seek a revival of her own life; 2, to become a little houseboat in a backwater. He spoke of the growth of the religious spirit and of the moral sense, and of the spirit of fellowship among the men at the Front, and they on their return ought to find these things in evidence in the Church.

Newbury parish magazine, August 1916 (D/P89/28A/13)

“Even if our unity holds more or less during the war, we know how acute the crisis will be after the war”

The Bishop of Oxford had a message for churchgoers. His concerns included the welcome to be offered to servicemen seeking God while home on leave, and the country’s future.

We are sorry to be obliged to do without the usual red cover for our Magazine. The supply of red paper is exhausted, and we are afraid it will be impossible to get any more until after the war.

THE BISHOP’S MESSAGE

The following extracts are from the Bishop’s message in the February Diocesan Magazine:

Your prayers are asked for the good hand of God upon us in the war.
For the campaign in Mesopotamia and at Salonica.
For the maintenance of unity in the nation.
For the Chaplains in the Navy and the Army.
For the men and women at work in factories and workshops.
For the deepening of penitence in the church and nation.

SPIRITUAL AWAKENING

We have heard it announced by the archbishops and others that some sort of national mission or general spiritual campaign is in contemplation. A good many of us are asking questions – What does it mean? How can it be carried out on so great a scale? What is asked of us in particular? I cannot at present answer these questions, but I hope to be able to give some sort of answer to them before long. Meanwhile there are certain considerations which, I am sure, appeal to all of us.

(1) A good many of our soldiers at the front – some wounded and sick and some still sound in body – have been brought to feel the need of religion and prayer, and have been seeking confirmation and communion. We who are at home desire with all our hearts that when they come home on leave or for good, they should find a religious life around them, and offering itself to them, such as shall correspond with their desires for a better life – such as shall maintain and not chill their good intentions. I think the clergy and communicants in every parish ought to make it a special intention in prayer and a special object in action that the soldiers and sailors from their own parish shall find, when they return, in their homes and in the whole society the sort of welcome which in their best selves they desire.

(2) We are conscious that although the war has brought some sense of unity in the nation, yet the root of bitterness is still putting forth vigorous shoots. The bitterness between classes is still acute. Even if our unity holds more or less during the war, we know how acute the crisis will be after the war. And we feel with shame how very little power the church has to express or maintain the spirit of brotherhood. We do desire with all our hearts that the church should regain its ancient power.

We are conscious that we are being judged not so much for personal, as for corporate sins… We have been told, till we are weary of hearing it, how little our soldiers and sailors know about their religion…

The Bishop of Buckingham
Very few among us are called to the same sacrifice as the Bishop of Buckingham, who has lost a second son in the war and has still others in peril in the Army and the Navy. We can only assure him of our prayers for him and his, and of our thankfulness for his courage and faith.

C. Oxon

Earley St Peter parish magazine, February 1916 (D/P191/28A/23/1)

“Why is the atmosphere of life more cheerful nearer to all the horrors and ugliness of modern war than it is behind?”

Ralph Glyn had political ambitions, and the College constituency in Glasgow was being nursed for him. He had narrowly lost the 1910 election to a Liberal (he was a Conservative/Unionist). While serving in the army he delivered a lengthy statement to those he viewed as future constituents. Unfortunately for him and all his work, the constituency was abolished before the 1918 election. The paper itself, however, is an interesting insight into the views of an intelligent officer into attitudes at home and at the front.

GHQ
MEF
November 1915

I have been asked by one or two friends in the College Division to write a letter that may be a link between so many old friends of those former days, when Peace was not understood, and myself. To do this as I would wish by personal letter my work here will not allow. I must ask everyone who reads these lines to believe how sincere are my wishes for as happy a New Year as these days permits to be theirs.

I write these lines because I have always been open with my friends in Glasgow, and I believe you will all understand how it is impossible to write “news”.

There are many who have been all the time in France, or in Gallipoli, whilst some have been in both theatres of operations; but there are few officers now who have not spent some time at home, either wounded, or on leave or duty, and so it is possible to take a comprehensive survey of men, matters and means.

The newspapers are the only medium between the Public and events that happen behind the veil of the censor. Letters from friends and relations pass from the Front to those at home producing for a period a clear gleam of light – sometimes too vivid – of what is fact and reality at one small point of that vague term “The Front”. The days are shortening, the winter with all its horrors is close upon us and we are all well aware that if only something could be lifted the Future would be brighter and more easy to face. To arrive at any satisfactory conclusion we must try and see things as they are – undisguised but very possibly naked and ashamed. No time should be lost in establishing both at “the front” and at “the back” a “New Feeling” based upon the firm belief that at last true bearings have been taken, the clouds have lifted and the sun seen long enough to enable the exact position of the ship to be located, and that each and all having but the one port open to them are determined, in spite of all stress of weather, to reach their destination without undue delay.

Why is the atmosphere of life more cheerful nearer to all the horrors and ugliness of modern war than it is behind? There is nothing in any trench in France or Gallipoli to equal the gloom of many a house at home. The individual man is happy when he knows he is doing “his bit” and has that feeling down his back of something worthy of accomplishment being well done. But this same feeling should animate those miners, munition-workers, ship-builders and all that other host at home, whose work is as vital to the war’s success as any gallant action in the trenches. Why is there this feeling of unrest and mistrust in so many quarters? “Out here”, be it in France or Gallipoli, this war acts in one way all the time and without variation. The Regular Army has almost ceased to exist as it was before the war. Officers and men have fallen and others have taken their place. The tradition of a great regiment holds all the new comers in its sway and the magic mantle of “esprit de corps” stirs through the new blood of the recruit, officer and man, tempering and making him part of the original stock. The Reserve ceased to exist when war began; because by our system the fighting force of the country, Regular and Reserve, were and are one and indivisible. Any gunner will tell you that had it not been for the “dug out” the new armies could not have been born. The “dug out” has much to bear from the gibes of younger men who too often assume that all “dug outs” must be musty and old, stupid and out of date, but he can console himself with the knowledge that without him the Regular serving soldiers could not have kept the machine running.
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Pray for our enemies, despite their brutality

The church of St Peter’s in Earley encouraged prayer for the enemy, despite their horror at the reports of brutality. Meanwhile, even the very poor were offering up eggs for the wounded who could eat no solid food.

Prayers for the War.

‘That men ought always to pray and not to faint’ is a divine direction which we greatly need our prayers concerning the war, both public and private. The enemy has been behaving with incredible neglect of accepted international obligations, such as restrain brutality in warfare. We are exasperated and embittered. At home there has been a good deal of complaining and mutual recrimination. Our temper is strained, and our power of holding together. Whatever else the Christian Church can do, it ought to be importunate and urgent in prayer. Prayer is our true weapon, not bitterness nor mutual reviling. We need to pray with all our soul –

1. For our country, and all classes in it, that they may behave worthily and in a spirit of thorough self-sacrifice: and that the spirit of penitence for our common and personal sins may be deepened in our approach to God;
2. For the good hand of our God upon us in the areas of war, guiding our leaders, inspiring the men, protecting them in danger, granting us victory;
3. For the wounded, the prisoners and the bereaved;
4. For our enemies and especially for the German-speaking church, that it may open its heart to the Spirit of Christ.
5. Let us commend to God those who have fallen, that He will so deal with them in the unseen world that ‘they may find mercy of the Lord at the great Day.’

I am sure, increasingly sure, that the best method of public prayer is that of bidding to prayer – with sufficient deliberation of speech – at the Holy Eucharist, and from the pulpit after sermon at Evensong, getting the people to kneel down, and allowing pauses for silent prayer. There is no special prayer for prisoners of war put out by authority. But there is the prayer in the Litany ‘for all prisoners and captives’: and before beginning the Litany we can from time to time call attention to this clause, and make a pause after the response.

Notice as to weekday services.

The celebration of Holy Communion with special Intention for the War will, as usual, be at 7am on Tuesdays, and may we remind our readers that at this Service our list of men serving in His Majesty’s Forces is always read, special prayers offered on their behalf and the collection given to the Prince of Wales Fund.

National Egg Collection.

In connection with the above, a small start has been made in Earley Parish, and during the past two weeks nearly 250 eggs have been sent to the central authority. A notification has been received stating that the first 100 were sent direct to the wounded soldiers in our immediate neighbourhood. The total number of donors last week was 25, a noticeable feature being the single eggs received from quite poor people living in Reading, and who keep but a few fowls. The eggs are collected and sent away every Thursday. Anyone who would care to help in this most useful work please communicate with Mr. H. J. Wooldridge, Earley Schools, who has very kindly undertaken the work of receiving and despatching the eggs.

List of Men Serving in His Majesty’s Forces.

The following additional names have been added to our prayer list:- Charles Chesterman, Alfread Broad, Frederick Mears, Thomas Mears, Arthur Lailey, Reginald Hawes, Elliot King, Thomas Ilott, Reginald Waite, James Auger, William Barton, William May, Hubert Shorter, Samuel Gould, Charles Phillips Groome, Harry Ching, Frank Aust and Eric Cook.

In addition to those already mentioned we especially commend the following to your prayers:-
Killed – Arthur Robb and Ernest Nickes; Wounded – Alfred Broad; Sick – Walter Jerome and Benjamin Bosley (gas poisoning).

Earley St Peter parish magazine, June 1915 (D/P191/28A/22)